Monthly Archives: March 2013

Marcus UAV Mentioned On Front Page Featured MSNBC Article

On Sunday March 24, Marcus UAV caught a mention in an MSNBC news article regarding the new wave of UAV technology hitting the air domestically. Namely, Marcus UAV was marveled as pioneering small UAV technology for use in firefighting applications, and was spearheaded through a partnership with the University Of Cincinnati  “The title of the article, The drones are coming … but our laws aren’t ready” implicates a drone starved US population with it’s eyes on UAV technology before commercial use permits. With 2015 being the new target date for commercial UAV regs, new companies are pre-positioning themselves now for what is to come.

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We have a lot of customers who are coming to use asking about the coming 2015 regulations, and our response is always, “Our UAV’s are currently legal, only illegal for use to deliver a commercial service in most circumstances in the US”.  According to current US law, small RC aircraft are unabridged in requiring any permits or other licencing to fly, even if they have full autonomous capability.  Current regulations allow the use of our product via direct line of sight, under 400 Ft in altitude, and with manual flight control capability (not restrictive of autonomous flight). Proof of these regulations can be found on the FAA’s website.


Recreational use of the NAS is covered by FAA Advisory Circular (AC) 91-57, which generally
limits operations to below 400 feet above ground level and away from airports and air traffic.

Not only does the Zephyr2 system meet all FAA regulations, but our system explicitly allows for full compliance through optional manual control of the aircraft.

Each Zephyr2 system comes with a RC transmitter which allows for manual flight control of the Zephyr2, and can be used in sync with the autonomous features of the aircraft.  It is possible to take aerial video or imagery while flying the aircraft both manually or autonomously, switching between either flight mode at will.  Automatic flight control allows for precise overlap and geographical flight patterns for precise data acquisition while manual flight control allows for federal regulations compliance and safety.

If you are interested in starting a commercial use UAV business in 2015, there is no better time to start preparing.  By purchasing a Marcus UAV system, you can practice and master the art of flying before the new regs are signed into law, and establish yourself as an authority on the subject.  With new hot swappable payload capability, it is possible to master live video for surveillance activities, run air survey’s of land for 3D mapping purposes, and perform life crop studies all from a single platform.

Original article text:

When a fire broke out in a church in Mesa County, Colo., in September 2011, the police department was ready with its flight team. Strapping a thermal camera to a Draganflyer X6, they flew the drone above the burning building. Together, police and firemen identified hotspots in the structure, and traced the direction in which the fire was spreading.

In 2010, a 5-pound Marcus drone was loaned to forest rangers in West Virginia by University Cincinnati researchers, in order to monitor a controlled burn. Now the group is developing an unmanned system to help control wildfires.

Even the Global Hawk, used by the U.S. Army, has entered civilian life. NOAA and NASA have decked two out with all kinds of sensors to watch storms as they brew. The crafts can endure (comparatively) long missions, letting researchers study large-scale weather patterns, like how grains from a Sahara sandstorm can seed a new hurricane when they reach the ocean.

There’s no doubt drones can do a world of good. They can get to places humans can’t, and do many jobs quicker — for a fraction of the cost. Benjamin Miller, who manages the Mesa County Sheriff’s Office drone program, estimates that drones can do “30 percent of the missions of manned aviation for 2 percent of the cost.” The two Mesa County drones cost $25 for each hour they are used.

The Mesa County sheriff's office started using the Draganflyer X6 in 2009. It can carry a still camera, a video camera, or an infrared camera.

Draganfly Innovations

The Mesa County sheriff’s office started using the Draganflyer X6 in 2009. It can carry a still camera, a video camera, or an infrared camera.

But state-level bills cropping up across the U.S. could ground virtuous drones used in rescue and research. Meanwhile, privacy advocates and legal experts disagree over how effective the proposed legislation really will be.

In Oregon, one proposed bill requires that anyone who operates a drone, whether it’s a local police department or a hobbyist, get a license from the Oregon Department of Aviation first.


An Indiana state bill wouldn’t let a news station survey traffic on a highway, or let law enforcement send out an unmanned search party for lost hikers, the American Civil Liberties Union’s Allie Bohm explained to NBC News. And a Nebraska bill wouldn’t allow law enforcement to gather evidence or information via drone except in the case of a terrorist threat.


Two bills on the governor’s desk in Virginia propose drone restrictions, but exclude select cases, such as search and rescue. Same for a bill proposed in Massachusetts last December, which would require police to get a warrant before sending a drone to collect aerial photography or thermal data as part of a criminal investigation.

Privacy advocates told NBC News they support this type of drone law.

“With drones, we have arrived at a moment when it is technologically possible to engage in constant mass aerial surveillance,” the ACLU’s Jay Stanley told NBC News. But don’t surveillance cameras do some of that already? “We don’t like those either,” Stanley added, “But I think that drones raise the stakes considerably from there.”

There’s currently a trade-off between how maneuverable a drone can be and how long it can stay in the air. You can’t combine the endurance of the solar-panelled QinetiQ Zephyr — which stayed aloft in the Nevada desert for two straight weeks, but whose view can be blocked by clouds — with the steady gaze of thePentagon’s 1.8-gigapixel drone camera. Not yet.

The solar-powered Zephyr stayed in the air for 336 hours and 21 minutes.


The solar-powered Zephyr stayed in the air for 336 hours and 21 minutes.

One drone that captured the attention of Wednesday’s senate hearing was AeroVironment’s Nano Hummingbird, which can fly sideways or vertically by flapping two tiny wings. It weighs less than a AA battery, but records video. Not especially well, mind you, but cameras are always improving.

Regardless of current limitations, drones great and small still give law enforcement more reach than it had before. Yet while new legislation will surely be required, existing law may address some concerns.

“I believe that existing frameworks will provide more protection than is generally appreciated,” John Villasenor a policy expert with UCLA and the Brookings Institution, told NBC News via email. By that he means that, when drones start snooping, courts will uphold certain privacies thanks to the Fourth Amendment.

Others say that current laws may be insufficient, but targeting drones misses the point.

“Whether data’s being collected by Google or from cellphones or bank cameras or traffic cameras, I don’t think the medium is the essence,” Michael Toscano, president of the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International, which represents drone manufacturers, told NBC News. “The question is what’s being done with it, who’s using it, who’s collecting it, where’s it being stored, where is it being deleted.”

Toscano’s organization may wish to keep drones out of legislation, but legal experts agree with the premise.

“Privacy law is not keeping up with surveillance technology, and drones are helping us see that,” Ryan Calo, assistant professor of law at the University of Washington told NBC News. “But it’s not limited to drones,” he said, citing street cameras and vans like the ones driven by Google’s mapping team.

“I think the good reason to get the privacy laws right here is to avail ourselves of this kind of technology,” Calo said. And there’s no time like the present, as the FAA has been asked to fully integrate drones into U.S. airspace by 2015.

More on drone policies: Lawmakers voice concerns on drone privacy questions

Nidhi Subbaraman writes about technology and science. Follow her on Twitter and Google+.

Equipment and Infrastructure Inspection/Monitoring Using Small UAV’s

Outdated are ‘human’ inspection methods of yesterday used to monitor power lines, wind turbines, solar panels, bridges, etc. without going through special planning.

Using newer UAV technology however, it is possible to inspect just about anything above ground in real time.


More than a problem discovery tool however, UAV bots are being used to carry out ‘preventive’ scans as critical infrastructure shows signs of stress. Even more profound are the newer ‘swarm’ UAV sweeps used to carry out large scale survey audits in a single shot.

UAV muti rotor or VTOL aircraft have previously been the primary choice for inspecting critical infrastructure, but are now proving themselves as limiting. VTOL’s or vertical take off and landing UAV’s can work great to reach and photograph an area of interest with precision, but not for long periods of time or at great distances. By using a motor glider style UAV such as ours, it is possible to inspect with high precision either high rise or large scale areas similarly or gather up close images by flying in manual mode.

Here is a beginners list of possible subjects a Zephyr UAV can monitor….

  • Oil & Gas Pipeline
  • Solar Panels
  • Wildlife Census
  • Critical Infrastructure Inspection
  • Thermal Isolation Analysis (Buildings)
  • Power Line / Cable
  • Cooling Tower
  • Algae Proliferation Detection
  • Gas Burn-Off Stack Tip Inspection
  • Wind Turbine Blade Inspection
  • Bridge Inspections
  • Forestry Management & Research
  • Aerial Terrain Mapping (Non-Urban Environment)
  • Historical Monument Inspection
  • Railway Track Bed
  • Flair-Tip-Inspection
  • Salt Water Infiltration Detection
  • Aerial Terrain Mapping (Industrial Site)
  • Radiation Measurement & Monitoring

Fixed or Rotary Aircraft Weaknesses

For what it costs to fly a single traditional flight from a manned rotary aircraft, it is possible to fly and own an entire UAV system. Rotary aircraft can provide great resultant picture and video data, but generally are only within reach of large corporations or governments.

Fixed wing aircraft however are cheaper to operate, yet have own set of weaknesses. Primarily, small UAV’s can maintain a slower cruise rate than other manned fixed wing aircraft, and therefore can generate a more detailed set of imagery or video data.

In summary, UAV’s can be deployed faster, cheaper, and with less technical skills then manned aircraft alone while still netting the same quality of data.


UAV’s Saturation In The Survey Or Inspections Market

Our goal here at Marcus UAV is to make the technology affordable to all individuals who need it. In 10 years, we very much see UAV’s taking over much of the critical infrastructure in the survey space, whereas Marcus UAV will have played a critical role in the process.

We can equip our systems with high res digital camera payloads, pan/tilt video camera gimbals, high zoom cameras, thermal cameras, or even multi/hyper spectral cameras for highly technical survey jobs. If your company specializes in many different areas, it will be in your interest to carry all of these various payloads in your arsenal. Payloads are swappable between flights, and will demand a very high consultation rate…

Whether you need to inspect power lines with thermal vision, or generate still images of stress points on a bridge, our product is the tool of choice.